Postprandial Emesis: Postprandial pertains to after eating meal while emesis pertains to forceful and involuntary emptying of the stomach which is also referred to as vomiting. Postprandial emesis is then defined as after meal vomiting which is a type of eating disorder. Although not a disease, it can be a vital manifestation or symptom of an aberration in health condition. It is often preceded by nausea which is described as unpleasant sensation that may lead to vomiting although nausea may not always lead to vomiting. This may be alarming if postprandial emesis frequently occur as this may lead to dehydration, metabolic alkalosis and hypokalemia.
Vomiting happens uncontrollably and without signs and symptoms. Many factors contribute to the cause of postprandial emesis, from simple to serious causes. Simple causes may include motion sickness, indigestion and emotional stress to name a few. Improper eating habits also contribute such as over eating or too much consumption of food and beverage especially of carbonated beverages. Postprandial emesis may also be due to reaction to food intake like allergic reaction to a certain substance in the food ingredient. Food poisoning also count for the factor causing postprandial emesis as this is the normal reaction of the body from an ingested contaminated food. Serious cause may include blockage in the intestine, stomach flu and other dysfunctional condition in the body. Consumption of too much alcohol also contributes to postprandial emesis cause. Postprandial emesis in pregnant women is most often common due to morning sickness. Prevention of emesis after meal is prescribed as there is no treatment for emesis. However, a doctor should be consulted if vomiting comes with blood or coffee ground like appearance. It should also be alarming if vomiting after meal comes with lethargy and confusion and coupled with difficulty in breathing and rapid pulse rate as this may indicate a very serious condition. Although vomiting after meal cannot be treated, it can be relieved with some measure such as drinking ice cold water, eating saltine crackers, non-activity after meal and also avoid overeating and avoid taking too much alcohol.