Mononeuritis is a term referring to the inflammation of only one single nerve. But “mononeuritis multiplex” is a condition of the nervous system involving destruction to at least 2 unconnected nerve areas. It causes impairment to peripheral nerves which are the nerves outside the spinal cord and brain. In actuality it is a grouping of symptoms – a syndrome – not actually a disease. But, certain diseases can cause the nerve damage or injury that can lead to the symptoms of mononeuritis multiplex.
Conditions that are common include blood vessel diseases such as polyarteritis nodosa; connective tissue illnesses such as “systemic lupus erythematosus” or rheumatoid arthritis; as well as diabetes mellitus.
Causes that are less common can include amyloidosis, disorders of the blood such as cryoglobulinemia and hypereosinophilia, infections for instance Lyme disease, leprosy, sarcoidosis, Sjogren syndrome, or Wegener’s granulomatosis.
Symptoms are dependent on what exact nerves are involved and might include loss of bowel or bladder; sensation loss in one or more portions of the body; paralysis in one or more portions of the body; burning, tingling, pain or other atypical sensations in one or more portion of the body; as well as weaknesses in one of more parts of the body.
If the reason or cause of this impairment is found and treated successfully, and if the damage is restricted, a total recovery is possible. The sum of disability can range from no disability to partial or complete damage or loss of function, sensation or movement.
Pain in the nerve can be very uncomfortable and might last for some time. If this happens, the individual might want to see a pain specialist to make certain that all treatment options for pain are available.