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Finger Joint Swelling

Finger Joint Swelling or a Finger Joint Effusion is a sore condition in which, too much fluid accumulates in the soft tissues. This can interfere with the hand functionality. Activities that entail the use of hands and fingers such as simple gripping and holding may bring a very painful and stiff sensation, thus movement can be quite difficult. Joints become larger, erythematous and warmer.

There are a number of different causes which contribute to the inflammation in the finger joints. It could be excessive use of hands especially in doing manual labors or an injury to the fingers and fractures especially in athletes. Another major cause is rheumatoid arthritis in which swelling is not only limited to the joints but may also extend to include tissues, muscles and ligaments in close proximity. Inflammation can also be a sign of infection.

As a common presentation of many underlying pathologies, interventions are dependent on what caused the inflammation. Frequently to reduce pain and swelling, oral and topical anti-inflammatory drugs are administered; hot and cold compress rendered and affected hand immobilized. Joints are placed higher than the heart level. If edematous, the excess fluid can be removed from the finger joint using a needle (arthrocentesis / joint aspiration). In chronic conditions, the use of corticosteroid may be prescribed.

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