Cervical Cauterization: This is a surgery process that is utilized to destroy cells in the womb or cervix that are abnormal – noncancerous or precancerous.
Cauterization is done thru the use of electricity, heat, corrosive chemicals, cold, or laser. The method most normally involved is electric current that is high frequency (electrocoagulation) or freezing (cryocauterization or cryosurgery).
Cervical cauterization is also used as treatment of inflammation of the cervix, liquid filled sacs or cysts as well as lesions of the cervix that could be precancerous, such as tiny sections of atypical tissues in dysplasia. Cauterization is also used for the treatment of lesions of the cervix especially those caused by the “human papilloma virus” or HPV since 80 percent of cervical cancers are linked with HPV. It also may be used for stopping excessive bleeding that is occurring either following a cervical procedure such as cervical polypectomy, cervical biopsy, or cervical conization or bleeding that is occurring spontaneously. Cervical cancer is not treated with cauterization itself but with means that are more aggressive including surgery as well as radiation therapy.
Cauterization is done on an outpatient basis completed routinely in the physician’s office. It is as well completed in surgery centers for outpatients.