Calcemia can be defined as the level of calcium in the blood. Calcemia can either be hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia. This is a medical condition wherein there’s either insufficient or excessive level of calcium in the blood. The normal serum calcium level ranges from around 9 to 10.5 mg/dl. Let us get to know some of the reasons for developing such condition.
Hypercalcemia usually develops due to a number of circumstances which include failure of the kidneys to remove extra calcium from the blood, excessive release of calcium from the bones and increased absorption of intestinal calcium. Hypercalcemia gives rise to symptoms like abdominal pains, nausea, vomiting, bone pains, formation of renal and bile stones and depression. This would also result to abnormal heart contractions.
On the other hand, hypocalcemia (also spelt as hypocalcaemia) is a medical condition wherein there’s an abnormally low level of calcium in the blood. Low levels of calcium is usually accounted from a parathyroid disease, abnormalities in magnesium levels and as well as vitamin D deficiency.
The primary treatment for either hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia is to treat its underlying cause. The next priority is to maintain fluid and electrolyte balance. As with hypercalcemia, this can be dealt with by giving biphosphonates and calcitonin which help facilitate excretion of calcium in the blood. Hypocalcemia, on the other hand, may be treated by taking in calcium supplements. However, for severe cases of hypocalcemia, intravenous infusion of two ampoules of calcium gluconate 10% is usually given within 10 minutes. Calcium chloride may also be prescribed in worst scenarios. Both hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia are serious conditions.