Archive for March, 2012

Conjunctival Hyperemia

Mar 13 2012 Published by under C

Conjunctival Hyperemia is the medical condition which involves redness especially of the sclera. This condition is often non-specific and could mean a lot of thing but may primarily be due to the dilation of the blood vessels found in the eyes. This can either be due to an underlying disease or injury to the eye. One would likely suffer from conjunctival hyperemia primarily due to subconjunctival hemorrhage and conjunctivitis.

You can visit the emergency department to have your condition assessed. Primary care physicians can help evaluate your condition as to whether or not this needs prompt treatment or you may just be sent home and manage it there instead.

There are numerous reasons why one suffers from conjunctival hyperemia. Thus, proper diagnosis is very important so as the right treatment can be rendered. It is critical to note the danger signs of conjunctival hyperemia especially during eye examination. Among the danger signs of conjunctival hyperemia are edema on the cornea, opacities, ciliary flush or presence of red or purple ring around the cornea, abnormal pupil size and intraocular pressure and corneal staining. Diminished visual acuity, severe eye pains and light sensitivity (photophobia) also serve as warning signs. Whenever one or more of these signs are present, prompt medical attention should be rendered.

Conjunctival hyperemia may either be benign or something serious. You never can tell. That is why it is very important to consult your doctor once you have noted conjunctival hyperemia. Different treatment modalities are involved in conjunctival hyperemia. The treatment would usually depend on the underlying cause. For instance, when this is only caused by eye irritation due to dry weather, artificial tears may be given. Cold compresses may also bring forth relief. Other medications include antihistamines and vasoconstrictors to help constrict the blood vessels in the eyes.

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Calcemia

Mar 08 2012 Published by under C

Calcemia can be defined as the level of calcium in the blood. Calcemia can either be hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia. This is a medical condition wherein there’s either insufficient or excessive level of calcium in the blood. The normal serum calcium level ranges from around 9 to 10.5 mg/dl. Let us get to know some of the reasons for developing such condition.

Hypercalcemia usually develops due to a number of circumstances which include failure of the kidneys to remove extra calcium from the blood, excessive release of calcium from the bones and increased absorption of intestinal calcium. Hypercalcemia gives rise to symptoms like abdominal pains, nausea, vomiting, bone pains, formation of renal and bile stones and depression. This would also result to abnormal heart contractions.

On the other hand, hypocalcemia (also spelt as hypocalcaemia) is a medical condition wherein there’s an abnormally low level of calcium in the blood. Low levels of calcium is usually accounted from a parathyroid disease, abnormalities in magnesium levels and as well as vitamin D deficiency.

The primary treatment for either hypercalcemia or hypocalcemia is to treat its underlying cause. The next priority is to maintain fluid and electrolyte balance. As with hypercalcemia, this can be dealt with by giving biphosphonates and calcitonin which help facilitate excretion of calcium in the blood. Hypocalcemia, on the other hand, may be treated by taking in calcium supplements. However, for severe cases of hypocalcemia, intravenous infusion of two ampoules of calcium gluconate 10% is usually given within 10 minutes. Calcium chloride may also be prescribed in worst scenarios. Both hypercalcemia and hypocalcemia are serious conditions.

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Ecchymotic

Mar 03 2012 Published by under E

Ecchymotic literally means having the characteristics of being bruised. Ecchymosis is actually a medical term for a bruise and originally comes from the primeval Greek word which when translated would mean out and pour. This is the result when blood escapes from the vessels especially when there’s a sudden blow to a certain area which would cause blood and other fluids to leak out of the veins.

A bruise can be termed as ecchymosis when its diameter is greater than a centimeter. However, when it is less than this size, it can be considered as a purpura and when it is smaller than a purpura it is called a petechia. Ecchymosis commonly develops on the skin. However, this may also appear on mucous membranes.

An ecchymotic skin would easily be noticeable in people with fair complexion. Ecchymosis oftentimes appears as either black or blue blotches on the skin. This normally appears a few days following blood vessel injury. As the ecchymotic skin begins to heal itself, this would start to appear yellow. The different enzymes getting mixed with blood and finally leaking out of the vessels are the reason why skin discoloration develops in ecchymosis. This may also be primarily due to the breakdown of hemoglobin. The skin would only return to its normal color once the process of breaking down hemoglobin has been fully completed.

Ecchymosis is not really a serious condition and is entirely treatable at home. This may be resolved with rest and ice application. The affected area must also be kept elevated so as to avoid further swelling. There are also available painkillers to relieve pain and other discomforts. You may gradually mobilize the affected area but avoid overdoing. Nonetheless, when the ecchymosis doesn’t seem to resolve within several days, you should consult your doctor the soonest.

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